What are aldehydes and ketones PPT?

What are aldehydes and ketones PPT?

Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds which incorporate a carbonyl functional group, C=O. The carbon atom of this group has two remaining bonds that may be occupied by hydrogen or alkyl or aryl substituents. If at least one of these substituents is hydrogen, the compound is an aldehyde.

What is the difference between aldehyde and ketone?

The main difference between aldehydes and ketones is their chemical structure….Difference Between Aldehydes And Ketones.

Properties Aldehydes Ketones
Occur End of the carbon chain Middle of the carbon chain
Found Volatile compounds Sugars
Oxidation Yes Yes
Reactivity More reactive Less reactive

What is aldehyde and ketone with example?

If at least one of these substituents is hydrogen, the compound is an aldehyde. If neither is hydrogen, the compound is a ketone. The IUPAC system of nomenclature assigns a characteristic suffix to these classes, al to aldehydes and one to ketones. For example, H2C=O is methanal, more commonly called formaldehyde.

What are the reactions of aldehydes and ketones?

Aldehydes and ketones undergo a variety of reactions that lead to many different products. The most common reactions are nucleophilic addition reactions, which lead to the formation of alcohols, alkenes, diols, cyanohydrins (RCH(OH)C&tbondN), and imines R 2C&dbondNR), to mention a few representative examples.

What are ketones?

Ketones are substances that your body makes if your cells don’t get enough glucose (blood sugar). Glucose is your body’s main source of energy. Ketones can show up in blood or urine. High ketone levels may indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication of diabetes that can lead to a coma or even death.

How are aldehydes and ketones formed?

Formation by Oxidation of Alcohols Oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols leads to the formation of aldehydes and ketones.

What are the properties of aldehydes and ketones?

Both aldehydes and ketones contain a carbonyl group. That means that their reactions are very similar in this respect. An aldehyde differs from a ketone by having a hydrogen atom attached to the carbonyl group. This makes the aldehydes very easy to oxidise.

What is ketone formula?

Wikipedia. License. In chemistry, a ketone is a functional group with the structure R2C=O, where R can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents. Ketones contain a carbonyl group (a carbon-oxygen double bond). The simplest ketone is acetone (R = R’ = methyl), with the formula CH3C(O)CH3.

What ketone means?

What is ketone functional group?

A carbon double bonded to an oxygen is called a carbonyl group. Compounds in which the carbon of a carbonyl group is bonded to two other carbons are called ketones. Ketones are named the same way as are alkenes except that an -one ending is used.

How are aldehydes and ketones named?

The common names of aldehydes are taken from the names of the corresponding carboxylic acids: formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and so on. The common names of ketones, like those of ethers, consist of the names of the groups attached to the carbonyl group, followed by the word ketone.

What are the characteristics of ketone?

ketone, any of a class of organic compounds characterized by the presence of a carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is covalently bonded to an oxygen atom. The remaining two bonds are to other carbon atoms or hydrocarbon radicals (R): Ketone compounds have important physiological properties.