What are some examples of infectious diseases spread by insects?

What are some examples of infectious diseases spread by insects?

Mosquito-borne diseases are those spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Diseases that are spread to people by mosquitoes include Zika virus, West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, dengue, and malaria.

What are insects that spread infectious agents called?

A vector is a living organism that transmits an infectious agent from an infected animal to a human or another animal. Vectors are frequently arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies, fleas and lice.

What are 4 diseases carried and spread by pests?

Public Health Issues Caused by Pests

  • Vector-Borne Diseases – Infectious diseases such as Zika virus, Lyme disease, and rabies can be carried and spread by vectors.
  • Asthma and Allergies – Indoor household pests such as cockroaches can trigger asthma and allergy symptoms.

Which diseases are caused by insect vectors?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

What insects carry the most diseases?

The most common insects that pass on disease are mosquitoes, sand flies, ticks, and fleas. For example, mosquitoes are known for spreading the Zika virus, Yellow Fever, and Malaria. Ticks are known to spread Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

What insect carries the disease malaria?

Anopheles Mosquitoes. Malaria is transmitted to humans by female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. Female mosquitoes take blood meals for egg production, and these blood meals are the link between the human and the mosquito hosts in the parasite life cycle.

What are the examples of pests?

Top 10 House Pests

  • Flies. Whether they’re houseflies or fruit flies, these pests can carry a wide range of diseases including food poisoning bacteria.
  • Bed bugs. Contrary to their name, bed bugs can also be found in cracks and crevices.
  • Ants. Ants enter houses in search of food.
  • Wasps.
  • Rats.
  • Termites.
  • Mice.
  • Cockroaches.

What are 3 examples of vectors of disease?

Chikungunya, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and West Nile virus. These are 10 vector-borne diseases carried by mosquitoes, ticks, flies and other vectors that put one of every two people in the Americas at risk.

How are insects harmful to humans?

Spread of Disease Diseases from insects can cause serious illness and death in humans and other animals. The most deadly animal on Earth is the mosquito, due to its role in the spread of malaria and other diseases. It is estimated that 700,000 people die annually due to mosquito-borne diseases.

What insect causes typhoid fever?

Walter Reed and his coworkers investigated the cause of the typhoid epidemics in the U.S. Army camps and concluded that, next to human contact, the housefly (Musca domestica) was the most active agent in the spread of the disease.

What is an insect vector?

A vector is an organism that acts as an intermediary host for a parasite. Most importantly the vector transfers the parasite to the next host. Good examples of vectors are the mosquito in transmitting malaria and ticks in transferring Lyme disease.

Are there any diseases spread by insects?

There are many insects that are the primary or intermediate hosts or carriers of human diseases. Pathogens that are capable of being transmitted by insects include protozoa, bacteria, viruses, and such helminths as tapeworms, flukes, and roundworms.

What are the two methods of transmission of pathogens by insects?

There are two methods of transmission of a pathogen by insects: mechanical and biological. Malaria. The foremost disease carried by insects is malaria, involving a Plasmodium protozoan that is transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

What are insect-borne diseases?

Insect-borne diseases are viral and bacterial illnesses from bug bites. Most commonly, they are passed from mosquitoes, sand flies, ticks, and fleas. Advertisement Español Trusted medical advice from the American Academy of Family Physicians. Trusted medical advice from the American Academy of Family Physicians. Twitter Channel Facebook Profile

What diseases do mosquitoes spread?

For example, mosquitoes are known for spreading the Zika virus, Yellow Fever, and Malaria. Ticks are known to spread Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.