What is MIPS in architecture?

What is MIPS in architecture?

MIPS (Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipe Stages) is a general purpose processor architecture designed to be implemented on a single VLSI chip. The main goal of the design is high performance in the execution of compiled code.

What is RTL computer architecture?

In computer science, register transfer language (RTL) is a kind of intermediate representation (IR) that is very close to assembly language, such as that which is used in a compiler. It is used to describe data flow at the register-transfer level of an architecture.

What are the types of MIPS architecture?

The original MIPS architecture defines three data-types: 32-bit word, 16-bit halfword, and 8-bit bytes. The later variants add the 64-bit double-word and floating-point data-types. All machine instructions are encoded as 32-bit words, and most integer operations are performed on 32-bit integers.

What are the three main formats for MIPS instructions?

There are three instruction categories: I-format, J-format, and R-format (most common).


The MIPS processor, designed in 1984 by researchers at Stanford University, is a RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) processor. Compared with their CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) counterparts (such as the Intel Pentium processors), RISC processors typically support fewer and much simpler instructions.

Is MIPS Harvard architecture?

Now, as Mips has two separate memories: Program Memory, which is used for fetching the instruction from it and data memory/main memory which is used at Memory stage to store/load data. Therefore MIPS is more close to Harvard Architecture.

What is RTL give example?

It is an unconditional type of transfer operation….Basic symbols of RTL :

Symbol Description Example
Letters and Numbers Denotes a Register MAR, R1, R2
( ) Denotes a part of register R1(8-bit) R1(0-7)
<- Denotes a transfer of information R2 <- R1
, Specify two micro-operations of Register Transfer R1 <- R2 R2 <- R1

What is RTL example?

The most popular example of RTL Design is that of a Processor, which is nothing but a very sophisticated Finite State Machine with a very large number of states. In RTL Design the basic building blocks are registers, Multiplexers, Adders.

What are the five steps in MIPS instruction execution?

In general, let the instruction execution be divided into five stages as fetch, decode, execute, memory access and write back, denoted by Fi, Di, Ei, Mi and Wi.

How many MIPS instructions are there?

There are 3 main instruction formats in MIPS.

Is MIPS better than ARM?

ARM has a high throughput and a great efficiency than MIPS because ARM processors support 64-bit data buses between the core and the caches. In order to allow efficient context switching, MIPS architecture supports the implementation of multiple banks of registers.

Is x86 Harvard or Von Neumann?

The architecture of traditional X86 is called “Von Neumann”, and it is not suitable for handling several algorithms to route this type of digital data. The most popular “Harvard Architecture” is used to handle complex DSP algorithms, and this algorithm is used in most popular and advanced RISC machine processors.