What is the encoding specificity principle example?

What is the encoding specificity principle example?

Examples of the use of the encoding specificity principle include; studying in the same room as an exam is taken and the recall of information when intoxicated being easier when intoxicated again.

What is encoding specificity effect in psychology?

the principle that retrieval of memory is optimal when the retrieval conditions (such as context or cues) duplicate the conditions that were present when the memory was formed. [ proposed in 1983 by Endel Tulving ]

What is the evidence for encoding specificity?

Thus, cortical areas originally involved in perception of a visual experience become part of the long-term memory trace for that experience. These findings suggest a neural basis for encoding specificity and transfer appropriate processing in human memory.

What does the encoding specificity thesis claim?

Encoding specificity suggests that there is an interaction between the conditions at encoding and retrieval such to say that the to-be-remembered item will not be as effective during retrieval unless the cue was specifically encoded at time of storage.

What is the encoding specificity principle and how does it relate to the performance of motor skills?

The encoding specificity principle states that memory test performance is directly related to the amount of similarity between the practice and the test contexts. i.e. the more similarity, the better the test performance will be.

What is the difference between encoding specificity and state dependent learning?

The concept of state dependent learning is similar to encoding specificity, except that it pertains to the state a person is in when encoding and retrieving information.

What is specificity in psychology?

n. 1. the quality of being unique, of a particular kind, or limited to a single phenomenon. For example, a stimulus that elicits a particular response is said to have specificity.

How does encoding specificity differ from transfer appropriate processing?

Encoding Specificity (ESP): Memory is better when the test context matches the study context. Transfer-Appropriate Processing (TAP): Memory is better when the mental processes engaged at test are the same as those engaged at the time of study.

What is the encoding specificity principle and how does it relate to the performance of motor skills quizlet?

How does Gentile’s model differ from that of Fitts and Posner?

Gentile’s learning model only breaks down the learning process into 2 parts, Fitts and Posner refer to their model as a continuum of practice time that is made up of 3 parts. Gentile’s stages are focused around the goal of the learner, while Fitts and Posner’s continuum is based on practice time.

How does state dependent learning relate to encoding specificity?

What do you mean by specificity?

Definition of specificity : the quality or condition of being specific: such as. a : the condition of being peculiar to a particular individual or group of organisms host specificity of a parasite. b : the condition of participating in or catalyzing only one or a few chemical reactions the specificity of an enzyme.

What is the encoding specificity principle?

The Encoding Specificity Principle has its roots in the earliest research of memory. When Ebbinghuas first used lists of words, he noted that associations between items aids recall. The internal context of the list matters. We look for any connection that helps us combine items into meaningful units.

What is postman’s encoding specificity principle?

In 1975 Leo Postman conducted experiments on the encoding specificity principle to check the generalisability of the concept. The first experiment focused on the normative strength go the cues presented on the encoding and recall of words and the second on the presence of weak cues in seconding and recall.

Does the encoding specificity principle support the recall of tbr words?

The results of the experiments failed to support the encoding specificity principle as strong extra-list cues facilitated the recall of tbr words in the presence of weak encoded cues and recall of the original weak encoded cues failed to be recognised in the context of new strong cues.

How does encoding pattern affect the accessibility of retrieval cues?

The accessibility is governed by retrieval cues, these cues are dependent on the encoding pattern; the specific encoding pattern may vary from instance to instance, even if nominally the item is the same, as encoding depends on the context. This conclusion was drawn from a recognition-memory task.