What is the concept of hypodescent?

What is the concept of hypodescent?

In societies that regard some races or ethnic groups of people as dominant or superior and others as subordinate or inferior, hypodescent refers to the automatic assignment by the dominant culture of children of a mixed union or sexual relations between members of different socioeconomic groups or ethnic groups to the …

What is naturalized hypodescent?

This social stratification also functions through the belief in naturalized hypodescent, which forces mixed-race people to identify as monoracials, who are only able to claim their non-white parentage.

What is called race?

race, the idea that the human species is divided into distinct groups on the basis of inherited physical and behavioral differences.

Who coined the term Pigmentocracy?

In 1944, Alejandro Lipschutz, a Chilean anthropologist, coined the term pigmentocracy to refer to the ethnic and color-based hierarchies of Latin America.

Does Brazil use hypodescent?

By Cheryl Staats, Research Associate, Brazil has been a long-standing place of interest for many scholars due to its fluid racial categorization that focuses on phenotype rather than hypodescent.

What are the 5 races?

OMB requires five minimum categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.

What are the 3 races?

The idea that there exist three races, and that these races are “Caucasoid,” “Negroid,” and “Mongoloid,” is rooted in the European imagination of the Middle Ages, which encompassed only Europe, Africa, and the Near East.. .

What is the Pigmentocracy definition?

Definition and Background In the past couple of decades, the word pigmentocracy has come into common usage to refer to the distinctions that people of African descent in America make in their various skin tones, which range from the darkest shades of black to paleness that approximates whiteness.

Which country practices Pigmentocracy?

In countries like Mexico, Colombia or Ecuador, mixed-race identity has become normative because of early 20th century elite-led national ideologies of mestizaje that sought to homogenize the population as mestizo and proclaim them the nation’s essence (Knight, 1990, Stutzman, 1981, Wade, 1993).