What was the 1902 coal strike quizlet?
The Coal strike of 1902, also known as the anthracite coal strike, was a strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania. Miners were on strike asking for higher wages, shorter workdays and the recognition of their union.
What was most significant about the coal miners strike of 1902 quizlet?
The strike was evidence of the effectiveness of trade unions…” – The United Mine Workers of America went on strike in 1902 to call to attention their low wages, long hours, and poor conditions. – Coal was important for winter fuel, so the federal government was alarmed as to how to handle it.
How did Roosevelt resolve the Coal strike of 1902?
Roosevelt attempted to persuade the union to end the strike with a promise that he would create a commission to study the causes of the strike and propose a solution, which Roosevelt promised to support with all of the authority of his office.
What was the result of the 1902 anthracite coal strike?
The unions were willing to negotiate but the coal miners refused to participate in the conciliation process until President Roosevelt intervened. The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 resulted in a victory for the hard-coal miners with a 10% increase in wages and an hours reduction in their working day.
How did Roosevelt handle the coal strike of 1902 quizlet?
Roosevelt had a talk about the strike at the White House with the opposing sides and it was settled. a third party that would work with both sides to settle a difference.
How did President Roosevelt influence the outcome of the 1902 coal strike quizlet?
President Theodore Roosevelt became involved and set up a fact-finding commission that suspended the strike. The strike never resumed, as the miners received more pay for fewer hours; the owners got a higher price for coal, and did not recognize the trade union as a bargaining agent.
What was unique about the 1902 coal miners strike?
The victory in the anthracite coalfields breathed new life into the American labor movement. 55 It strengthened moderate labor leaders and progressive businessmen who championed negotiations as a way to labor peace. It enhanced the reputation of President Theodore Roosevelt.
How did President Theodore Roosevelt respond to the anthracite coal strike?
In early October, he invited the coal executives and the union leader, John Mitchell, to Washington in an attempt to mediate a settlement. Roosevelt appealed to the executives’ patriotism: “Meet the crying needs of the people.” They said they would—as soon as the miners capitulated.
How did the miners strike end?
The strike ended on 3 March 1985, nearly a year after it had begun. The South Wales area called for a return to work on condition that men sacked during the strike would be reinstated, but the NCB rejected the proposal when its bargaining position was improved by miners returning to work.
Why did coal miners strike?
The anthracite coal miners worked in dangerous conditions, were often underpaid and in debt, and knew the hardship to come. The coal barons expected to wait them out. The strike that began that May would become one of the greatest labor actions in American history.
How did the mine owners respond to the coal miners strike quizlet?
They agreed to arbitration.
How did President Roosevelt’s reaction to the strike change the relationship between the federal government and business?
How did President Roosevelt’s reaction to the strike change the relationship between the federal government and business? It led to government approval for the use of replacement laborers. It set an example for issuing injunctions to regulate work stoppages.