How does equity theory relate to procedural justice?
Fairness Beyond Equity: Procedural and Interactional Justice. Equity theory looks at perceived fairness as a motivator. However, the way equity theory defines fairness is limited to fairness regarding rewards. Starting in the 1970s, researchers of workplace fairness began taking a broader view of justice.
What is the difference between distributive justice and procedural justice?
Distributive justice reflects perceptions regarding fairness of outcomes, while procedural justice reflects perceptions of processes that lead to these outcomes.
What is meant by distributive and procedural justice?
Distributive justice refers to the perceived fairness of outcomes or resource allocations (Adams, 1965; Walster, Walster, & Berscheid, 1978), whereas procedural justice refers to the perceived fairness of rules and deci- sion processes used to determine outcomes (Lind & Tyler, 1988; Thibaut & Walker, 1975).
What are the three components of the equity theory?
Components of the equity theory of motivation
- Inputs. An input is a contribution one makes to receive a reward.
- Referent groups.
- Moderating variables.
- Ensure a fair balance among team members.
- Make sure you offer comparable compensation.
- Know what your team values.
What is an example of distributive justice?
Distributive justice certainly is achieved when equals receive the same allocation of benefits. For example, public programs that provide social security or medical care to all elderly and retired persons are examples of distributive justice in a constitutional democracy.
What is an example of equity theory?
As an example of equity theory, if an employee learns that a peer doing exactly the same job as them is earning more money, then they may choose to do less work, thus creating fairness in their eyes.
What is an example of procedural justice?
Procedural Justice Examples If a company has a strict tardiness policy, with specific punishments if employees are repeatedly late, that policy must apply to every person at every level. If some people are exempt from the rule, procedural justice is not being enacted.
What is equity theory?
Equity theory is a theory of motivation that suggests that employee motivation at work is driven largely by their sense of fairness. Employees create a mental ledger of the inputs and outcomes of their job and then use this ledger to compare the ratio of their inputs and outputs to others.
What are the key elements of equity theory?
The key elements of equity theory are input, outcome, and comparison levels. Input refers to the amount of effort that a person puts into a relationship.
What is distributive justice theory?
Distributive Justice, Theories of Distributive justice is concerned with the fair distribution of the burdens and benefits of social cooperation among diverse persons with competing needs and claims.
What are the 4 types of distributive justice?
Four theories of justice are discussed: Rawlsian egalitarianism, or justice as fairness; Dworkinian egalitarianism, or equality of resources; Steiner-Vallentyne libertarianism, or common ownership; and Nozickian libertarianism, or entitlements.
What is distributive justice or equity?
It is commonplace in social psychology to conceive of distributive justice or equity as issues that arise whenever two or more persons exchange valued resources, be they goods, services, money, love, or affection. This concept has
What is the theory of equity and Justice?
Equity theory, justice theory, and exchange theory all rely on the assumption that it is the perception of equity, fairness, or net gains over the course of a single – or ongoing – interaction that affect emotions, rather than the actual, obdurate conditions in which the individuals are actually embedded.
Why is procedural and distributive justice important in the workplace?
High levels of procedural and distributive justice won’t necessarily prevent employees from having a perception of inequity or unfairness in the workplace but, can help an employer prevent repercussions from perceptions of inequity.
When did distributive justice become a theory?
1960s as “distributive justice” (Homans 1961) or “equity theory” (Adams 1965). This pragmatic decision does not reflect on the merits of relevant material published in philosophy and other social sciences excluded from