What is the flora and fauna of India?

What is the flora and fauna of India?

Prominent examples of flora include junipers, pines and deodars, lotus, milk worts, Assam catkin yew, spiderwort, etc. Examples of fauna present in India include the Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, snow leopard, Indian rhino, Indian sloth bear, etc.

What is flora and fauna meaning?

plants and animals
Flora and fauna refer to plants and animals in the broadest sense of the words, encompassing pretty much all life on Earth.

What do you mean by flora and flora?

Flora means “flower” in Latin, and Flora was the Roman goddess of spring and flowering plants, especially wildflowers and plants not raised for food.

What do you understand by endemism?

Endemism is the state of a species being found in a single defined geographic location, such as an island, state, nation, country or other defined zone; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

How many flora are there in India?

There are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world. India is home to more than 50,000 species of plants, including a variety of endemics.

What is flora and fauna Wikipedia?

Fauna is all of the animal life present in a particular region or time. The corresponding term for plants is flora, and for fungi, it is funga. Flora, fauna, funga and other forms of life are collectively referred to as biota.

How is India rich in its fauna?

Answer. India is rich in fauna because of its geography which is very rich in biodiversity. Deserts, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, swamplands, plains, grasslands, and island archipelago are geographical features of India. Besides, India has four biodiversity hotspots.

What is the meaning of flora and fauna How is India rich in its fauna explain?

It has high mountains, delta, coastal areas, islands, plains, desert, plateau and Ghats which result in a wide range of soil, vegetation, relief and climate. Hence, providing suitable habitat for different kinds of animal species making India rich in fauna.

What is bioprospecting and endemism?

Solution : (i) Bioprospecting is a term that describes the process of discovery and commercialisation of new products based on biological resources. (ii) Endemism refers to presence of some species in particular regions only and now here else.

Is endemic and endemism same?

An endemic species is a species which is restricted geographically to a particular area. Endemism in a species can arise through a species going extinct in other regions. This is called paleoendemism. Alternatively, new species are always endemic to the region in which they first appear.

How many fauna are in India?

Possessing a tremendous diversity of climate and physical conditions, India has great variety of fauna, numbering 92,037 species, of which insects alone include 61,375 species.

What are the plants in India?

Bougainvillea, Rose, Jamine, Orchid, and Lotus are some of the popular flowering plants of India. Among all the major plants of India, Marigold is the most identical. The Marigold Flower holds the great religious significance. The Marigold flower is offered to God and Goddess in India.

What is Indian flora and fauna?

Welcome to Indian Flora and Fauna online resource devoted to Indian plants and animals. India is one of the mega-diversity hotspot that supports more than 18600 flowering plants and almost 11450 non-flowering plants; 2528 lichens and 15223 fungi; and approximately 100693 species of animals. Among all floral elements 33% are endemic to India.

What is the origin of the word fauna?

Fauna comes from the name Fauna, a Roman goddess of earth and fertility, the Roman god Faunus, and the related forest spirits called Fauns. All three words are cognates of the name of the Greek god Pan, and panis is the Greek equivalent of fauna. Fauna is also the word for a book that catalogues the animals in such a manner.

How many floral elements are endemic to India?

Among all floral elements 33% are endemic to India. This website is intended to disseminate comprehensive information on Indian floral and faunal diversity across the world.

Who is the author of faunal diversity in India?

^ Alfred, J.R.B. (1998) Faunal Diversity in India: An Overview: In Faunal Diversity in India, i-viii Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine, 1-495. (Editors. Alfred, JRB, et al., 1998).